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Arizona Outlaws Mexican/American Studies

Discussion in 'General political debates' started by punkmar77, Feb 11, 2011.

  1. punkmar77

    punkmar77Experienced Member Staff Member Uploader Admin Team Experienced member


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    Nov 13, 2009
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    Arizona Declares Mexican American Studies Illegal....

    Rift in Arizona as Latino Class Is Found Illegal
    Jill Torrance for The New York Times

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    Travis Turner and Anissa Soto in their Latino literature class at Tucson High Magnet School.
    By MARC LACEY
    Published: January 7, 2011

    TUCSON — The class began with a Mayan-inspired chant and a vigorous round of coordinated hand clapping. The classroom walls featured protest signs, including one that said “United Together in La Lucha!” — the struggle. Although open to any student at Tucson High Magnet School, nearly all of those attending Curtis Acosta’s Latino literature class on a recent morning were Mexican-American.

    Curtis Acosta spoke to his students about their future after Arizona said their Mexican-American studies program was illegal.

    For all of that and more, Mr. Acosta’s class and others in the Tucson Unified School District’s Mexican-American program have been declared illegal by the State of Arizona — even while similar programs for black, Asian and American Indian students have been left untouched.

    “It’s propagandizing and brainwashing that’s going on there,” Tom Horne, Arizona’s newly elected attorney general, said this week as he officially declared the program in violation of a state law that went into effect on Jan. 1.

    Although Shakespeare’s “Tempest” was supposed to be the topic at hand, Mr. Acosta spent most of a recent class discussing the political storm in which he, his students and the entire district have become enmeshed. Mr. Horne’s name came up more than once, and not in a flattering light.

    It was Mr. Horne, as the state’s superintendent of public instruction, who wrote a law aimed at challenging Tucson’s ethnic-studies program. The Legislature passed the measure last spring, and Gov. Jan Brewer signed it into law in May amid the fierce protests raging over the state’s immigration crackdown.

    For the state, the issue is not so much “The Tempest” as some of the other texts used in the classes, among them, “The Pedagogy of the Oppressed” and “Occupied America,” which Mr. Horne said inappropriately teach Latino youths that they are being mistreated.

    Teaching methods in the classes are sometimes unconventional, with instructors scrutinizing hip-hop lyrics and sprinkling their lessons with Spanish words.

    The state, which includes some Mexican-American studies in its official curriculum, sees the classes as less about educating students than creating future activists.

    In Mr. Acosta’s literature class, students were clearly concerned. They asked if their graduation was at risk. They asked if they were considered terrorists because Mr. Horne described them as wanting to topple the government. They asked how they could protest the decision.

    Then, one young woman asked Mr. Acosta how he was holding up.

    “They wrote a state law to snuff this program out, just us little Chicanitos,” he said, wiping away tears. “The idea of losing this is emotional.”

    At a recent news conference, Mr. Horne took pains to describe his attack on Tucson’s Mexican-American studies program as one rooted in good faith. He said he had been studying Spanish for several years and had learned enough to read Mexican history books in Spanish and to give interviews on Univision and Telemundo, two Spanish-language broadcasters.

    Asked whether he felt he was being likened to Bull Connor, the Alabama police commissioner who became a symbol of bigotry in the 1960s, Mr. Horne described how he had participated in the March on Washington in 1963 as a young high school graduate. He said of his critics: “They are the ‘Bull Connors.’ They are the ones resegregating.”

    Mr. Horne’s battle with Tucson over ethnic studies dates to 2007, when Dolores Huerta, co-founder of the United Farm Workers, told high school students there in a speech that Republicans hated Latinos. Mr. Horne, a Republican, sent a top aide, Margaret Garcia Dugan, to the school to present a different perspective. He was infuriated when some students turned their backs and raised their fists in the air.

    The Arizona law warns school districts that they stand to lose 10 percent of their state education funds if their ethnic-studies programs are found not to comply with new state standards. Programs that promote the overthrow of the United States government are explicitly banned, and that includes the suggestion that portions of the Southwest that were once part of Mexico should be returned to that country.

    Also prohibited is any promotion of resentment toward a race. Programs that are primarily for one race or that advocate ethnic solidarity instead of individuality are also outlawed.

    On Monday, his final day as the state’s top education official, Mr. Horne declared that Tucson’s Mexican-American program violated all four provisions. The law gives the district 60 days to comply, although Mr. Horne offered only one remedy: the dissolution of the program.

    He said the district’s other ethnic-studies programs, unlike the Mexican-American program, had not received complaints and could continue.

    John Huppenthal, a former state senator who took over as Arizona’s schools chief, said he supported Mr. Horne’s 11th-hour ruling. Mr. Huppenthal sat in on one of the Tucson classes taught by Mr. Acosta, and said that Benjamin Franklin was vilified as a racist and a photo of Che Guevara was hanging on the wall. Besides that, he said, Tucson’s test scores are among the lowest in the state, indicating that the district needs to focus on the fundamentals.

    Officials here say those enrolled in the program do better on state tests than those of the same ethnicity who are not enrolled.

    The battle means that Tucson, a struggling urban district, stands to lose nearly $15 million in an already difficult budget environment. So far, the school board has stood by the program, declaring that it considers it to be in compliance with the law.

    If financing were pulled, the district would have an opportunity to appeal, and school officials were already talking about the possibility of the matter ending up in court. Meanwhile, 11 teachers, including Mr. Acosta, have filed suit in federal court challenging the constitutionality of the state restrictions.

    A discrimination suit against Tucson’s schools in the 1970s prompted a settlement in which an African-American studies program was created. Later, other ethnic-studies programs were added.

    To buttress his critique of the Tucson program, Mr. Horne read from texts used in various classes, which in one instance referred to white people as “gringos” and described privilege as being related to the color of a person’s skin, hair and eyes. He also cited the testimony of five teachers who described the program as giving a skewed view of history and promoting racial discord.

    “On the first day of school, they are no different than students in any other classes,” said John Ward, who briefly taught a Latino history class in Tucson. “But once they get told day after day that they are being victimized, they become angry and resentful.”

    Augustine F. Romero, director of student equity in the Tucson schools, said the program was intended to make students proud of who they are and not hostile toward others. “All of our forefathers have contributed to this country, not just one set of forefathers,” he said. “We respect and admire and appreciate the traditional forefathers, but there are others.”

    The debate over the program’s future, Mr. Romero said, proves more than ever the need for the program. “There’s a fierce anti-Latino sentiment in this state,” he said. “These courses are about justice and equity, and what is happening is that the Legislature is trying to narrow the reality of those things.

    “Who are the true Americans here — those embracing our inalienable rights or those trying to diminish them?”

    http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/08/us/08 ... =1&_r=2&hp
     

  2. ungovernable

    ungovernableAutonome Staff Member Uploader Admin Team Experienced member


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    Wow shit... Welcome to arizona's fascist state.
     
  3. Rabbit

    RabbitExperienced Member Experienced member Forum Member


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    Oct 26, 2009
     
    What a fucking joke. Even with Arizona's track record this is ridiculous, especially considering that Arizona was stolen from Mexico. Arizona's recent shit makes even the rest of the country look bad, which is amazing in a country as racist as this one.

    1. "Gringo" is a slightly pejorative term, it's not a racial slur on the order of anything used against minorities in this country
    2. The part about privilege is fucking true, and its not even taking gender, social class or anything else into account
     
  4. punkmar77

    punkmar77Experienced Member Staff Member Uploader Admin Team Experienced member


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    Yup, it is thought that it was bastardized from the English "Green Coats" from the many times US forces wearing green uniforms at the time went into Mex., hardly a racist slur....
     
  5. raindeer667

    raindeer667Experienced Member Experienced member Forum Member


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    Oct 10, 2009
     
    make your own class, fuck the laws
     
  6. JackNegativity

    JackNegativityExperienced Member Uploader Experienced member Forum Member


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    Nov 9, 2010
     
    Arizona has become the asshole of America as of late. There are classes for literature and studies of basically every other ethnic and national group in schools across the country, but somehow latino is illegal. They even come right out and say it's because they're afraid the classes will breed activists. It's common knowledge the goverment will crack down on the slightest perceived threat to their superiority, I just can't believe how open they are being about it.
     
  7. DirtyRottenThrashPunk

    DirtyRottenThrashPunkExperienced Member Experienced member Forum Member


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    Nov 11, 2010
     
    And idiots STILL call USA a free country...fucking ridiculous. What a bullshit law. :@ :ecouteurs:
     
  8. ZmobieBoy

    ZmobieBoyActive Member Forum Member


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    Oct 15, 2010
     
    Arizona is mad because they're afraid of Aztlán returning..
     
  9. punkmar77

    punkmar77Experienced Member Staff Member Uploader Admin Team Experienced member


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    Aztlán is a ridiculous myth that never existed in the first place, what they are afraid of are an educated and enlightened constituency that have the capacity to think for themselves....It's the deep south all over again.
     
  10. punkmar77

    punkmar77Experienced Member Staff Member Uploader Admin Team Experienced member


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    Pearce moves to officially ban illegal immigrants from schools, driving

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    The president of the state Senate introduced legislation Monday to ban illegal immigrants from state universities and community colleges, make it a crime for them to drive in Arizona and include new public school reporting requirements that could induce the parents of children not here legally to keep them home.

    SB 1611, set for hearing this afternoon, also would put companies that do not use a federal database to check the status of new workers out of business. And it would require cities to evict anyone in public housing who cannot prove legal presence in this country.

    But Senate President Russell Pearce, R-Mesa, framed the legislation as not doing much at all.

    "This is clean-up,'' he told Capitol Media Services.

    "All it does is do what the voters have passed in terms of no taxpayer dollars for illegals,'' Pearce said. "It just ties it up.''

    The Appropriations Committee also will debate SB 1308 and 1309 which together are designed to deny citizenship to the children of illegal immigrants born in this country, and SB 1405 which would prohibit hospitals from providing non-emergency care to illegal immigrants and require officials to call federal immigration authorities.

    Pearce said SB 1611 is not challenging a 1982 U.S. Supreme Court ruling which forbids schools from refusing to enroll students who cannot prove they are legal U.S. residents. But he said nothing in the ruling prohibits schools from asking, as long as no student is turned away for failing to provide the documentation.

    "We're just counting citizens,'' Pearce said.

    But the effect could be the same.

    Under current law, parents need provide only some proof of a child's age, such as a certified copy of a birth certificate. But nothing requires that birth certificate be from the United States.

    SB 1611 alters that list, with a parent now having to provide a birth certificate from U.S. states or territories, a U.S. passport, a certificates of naturalization or one of several other documents.

    What could make it a deterrent is existing law which says if a parent doesn't provide the document -- in this case, one of the new documents -- the school is required to notify law enforcement.

    The language governing universities and community colleges is more clear cut.

    Current law says those who cannot prove legal presence in this country cannot get the discounted tuition available to Arizona residents. But they may enroll if they pay the full out-of-state tuition and fees.

    SB 1611 would preclude their admission entirely. Pearce said it is irrelevant that the fees these students are paying may help keep tuition down for Arizona residents.

    "They can't be employed'' in this country, Pearce said, making their education not a benefit to Arizona. And he disputed the contention that out-of-state tuition covers the full cost of educating students at universities or community colleges.

    The section aimed at employers is designed to put teeth into a 2007 law allowing a state judge to suspend or revoke the business licenses of firms found guilty of knowingly hiring undocumented workers.

    That law requires companies to use E-Verify, a federal database of authorized workers, though there is no penalty for failing to comply. The result, said Pearce, is only about 25 percent of Arizona firms actually check to see if new workers are in this country legally.

    SB 1611 would require the state attorney general to notify any company that is not participating in the program. Failure to sign up within six months would let the attorney general ask a judge to suspend any and all licenses that allow the firm to remain in business.

    Pearce said, though, the mandate would apply only to companies that actually are hiring.

    "If you're a mom-and-pop shop, only work with family ... that was meant to be an exception,'' he said.

    Pearce said the provision making it a crime for illegal immigrants to drive simply reinforces the fact they should not be in this country in the first place.

    But rather than simply turning the motorists over to federal officials, it requires that anyone found guilty be sentenced to at least 30 days in prison. The measure also would require a judge to order the vehicle seized and sold, with the proceeds being used to help balance the state budget.

    http://www.eastvalleytribune.com/arizon ... 002e0.html
     
  11. JackNegativity

    JackNegativityExperienced Member Uploader Experienced member Forum Member


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    Is this guy fucking serious?! The whole deal with seizing cars and selling them is fucking extortion. Way to try to legalize theft...

    And this shit with college...would that also include europeans who come over for an education...or just hispanic people? I have a feeling he's not so concerned with "white" foreigners.

    Historically, it's always been that if you're born in America you are a citizen (not that i really care about borders or citizenship). Conveniently, this dude is trying to make it impossible for mexicans to become mexican-americans via birth by not giving "illegals" access to hospitals. How the fuck can he even get away with that?

    Russell Pearce has the "ein volk, ein reich'' thing going on. He's waging an open war on non-whites. How the fuck does this nazi asshole even have a job?!
     
  12. Malignance_is_bliss

    Malignance_is_blissExperienced Member Uploader Experienced member


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